Podcasts


Topic: How to achieve hydrogen society

  • Chan Kung

September 9, 2021

Are lithium batteries conducive to the emergence a of hydrogen energy society? What makes the green automobile industry really meaningful? What role will hydrogen fuel engines play in reducing carbon and controlling pollution? Chan Kung addresses these questions in this podcast.

Chan Kung is the Founder of ANBOUND Think Tank (established in 1993). Mr. Chan Kung is a well-known authoritative expert in the field of information analysis in China. He is also the author of The Art of Analysis, published in 1990s, and The Core of Information Analysis, published in 2010. Through these works on information analysis, Mr. Chan Kung has laid a solid empirical theoretical foundation for China's information analysis discipline.

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Topic: Electricity Market Restructuring and Retail Rates

  • Brittany Tarufelli

August 19, 2021

Between 1996 and 2000, 13 U.S. states and the District of Columbia passed electricity market “restructuring”—applying market rules to power suppliers and consumers to increase competition. In this podcast, I discuss how restructuring affected electricity prices for final consumers versus those in rate-regulated states. I provide evidence that restructuring temporarily increased rates, and discuss plausible mechanisms—including the effect of natural gas prices on retail rates—that have policy implications for continuing changes in electricity market design.

See the related USAEE working paper at: USAEE Working Paper No. 20-462

See related electricity market design and climate policy working papers here, and here.

Brittany Tarufelli is an applied microeconomist studying relationships between public policy, energy markets, and the environment. Her research evaluates the ongoing transition to clean energy, focusing on interactions between sub-global environmental policies and energy market designs. Brittany currently works at Louisiana State University’s Center for Energy Studies and will join the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in September 2021.

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Topic: Pigou and the Poor: Why Carbon Pricing might not be the right climate policy for Africa

  • Jörg Peters

August 5, 2021

Carbon pricing is often proclaimed to be the go-to climate policy by economists, also for the Global South. With a specific focus on Africa, I contend that a modest carbon price is unlikely to be effective. Moreover, higher carbon prices might have considerable poverty lock-in effects, not by hitting the poor (for they don’t consume formalized energy services) but by hitting those people hardest who have just developed out of energy poverty, the ‘transitional poor’.

Jörg Peters is co-heading the research department “Climate & Development” at RWI – Leibniz Institute for Economic Research in Germany. Jörg has done research on energy access and environmental policies in various West and East African countries, including intensive field work. He has also worked with several international organisations and governmental agencies in the power sector.

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Topic: How energy economists contribute to a river visioning process

  • Jouni Räihä

July 22, 2021

The value of hydropower as a balancing resource is amplified as increasing amounts of variable generation are introduced into the market. On the other hand, the ecological impacts associated with hydropower are also given more attention, and different viewpoints cause friction. Visioning the future of a river that brings together a vast area should account for many divergent issues. In this Podcast, I shed light on what economists can do to assist such a process.

Jouni Räihä is a researcher at the Finnish Environment Institute and a doctoral student at the Oulu Business School. His research interests include various energy use in buildings and electricity market low-carbon transition-related topics. His Master's thesis focusing on residential heating system choice analysis was awarded the recognition as the best of Finland in energy economics for the academic year 2018-2019 by the Finnish Association of Energy Economists.

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Topic: Electric Vehicle Charging: Implications for users and networks

  • Julia Lopez

July 1, 2021

The charging of electric vehicles has been traditionally studied using three different approaches: Uncontrolled charging, Direct control charging and indirect control charging. Each of them has pros and cons and can be suitable for particular set-ups. This podcasts reviews charging strategies for electric vehicles and highlights their implications in terms of distributions grids and user acceptance.

Julia Lopez is a Doctoral Candidate at the Boysen - TU Dresden Research training group and the chair of Energy Economics at the Dresden University of Technology. Her research focuses on electric vehicles charging and its impacts on distribution grids. Julia holds a MSc in Public Economics from the University of Leicester and a BSc in Electrical Engineering from the National University of Colombia. Julia was previously involved in Energy policy making at the Colombian Ministry of Energy and Minery. She has held positions at the Colombian Power exchange and the Scottish renewable energy development sector.

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Topic: IOCs and the Energy Transition: Rethinking "Business as Usual"?

  • Mariana Liakopoulou and Brad Handler

June 17, 2021

This podcast aims to review how climate action could impact the traditional corporate approach of International Oil Companies (IOCs), seeking to maximize value for shareholders through a stable dividend, while considering the continuously renewed demand for oil and gas as a given.

Mariana Liakopoulou is a research analyst focusing on natural gas security and geopolitics of the European and Eurasian energy markets. She serves as Research Fellow in Energy Security with the NATO Association of Canada (Toronto, Ontario, Canada). She is also Editor-in-Chief of the Palgrave Macmillan Studies in Energy Transitions Series (London, U.K.), in charge of the publication of "The Palgrave Handbook of Zero Carbon Energy Systems and Energy Transitions." She has been assigned consultancies with the Energy Community (Vienna, Austria) and has been included in the roster of experts of the Secretariat. Formerly, she was a non-resident Research Fellow in Energy Security and Geopolitics with Caspian Policy Center (Washington D.C.) and a member of the Strategy and Communication Team of the European Union Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (Ljubljana, Slovenia). Her publication record comprises works for an array of industry sources, including the International Association for Energy Economics, the United States Association for Energy Economics, Natural Gas World, Gulf Intelligence and European Gas Hub.

Brad Handler is the Founder and Principal of Energy Transitions Research, LLC and a Senior Fellow at the Payne Institute for Public Policy at the Colorado School of Mines. This follows a 20-year career on Wall Street as an Equity Research Analyst covering the Oilfield Services & Drilling (OFS) sector at different investment banks including Jefferies and Credit Suisse. Brad is researching the Oil & Gas industry's role and vulnerability in the global transition to lower carbon energy as well as financial tools to spur private investment in the decarbonization of energy.

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Topic: Standardization in support of the energy infrastructures and clean energy transition

  • Katerina Poustourli

June 3, 2021

Europe attaches great importance to the highest standards of nuclear safety, not only within its territory but also beyond. It advances the global safety agenda through bilateral and multilateral cooperation with countries outside the EU and through close cooperation with relevant international organizations.

Climate change mitigation is a potential driver for maintaining and expanding the use of nuclear power. According to the International Energy Agency, the use of nuclear power has avoided more than 60 gigatonnes of Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions over the past 50 years. The nuclear industry contributes to European Union energy objectives, such as: achieving a viable and diverse energy mix; limiting Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions; maintaining security of energy supply and energy independence; promoting economic development and employment.

Standardization can play a role in meeting these targets by promoting best practices, helping the market uptake of renewable energies and new technologies, improving energy efficiency, safety, security and providing tools to optimize installations and systems. Standardization is boosting partnerships between European and International organizations, between different actors and technology platforms that leading towards highly successful developments of joint research activities and unique research infrastructures networks.

Is there a better way to protect our planet than to harness the collaborative, inclusive and consensus culture of making standards by multiple partners worldwide in order to deliver a safe, secure and peaceful world to next generations? Who wouldn't want to be part of such an effort!

Dr. Katerina Poustourli is a Scientific/Technical Officer of the International Hellenic University. She is a senior scientist and researcher who dealt with quality, safety and security dimensions throughout the length of her career-path, in labs, in operational and production systems. After working as supervisor engineer, quality manager, consultant, ISO MSS lead auditor, adjunct professor, vocational trainer and project manager in many sectors for twenty-two years in Greece and as Scientific/Technical Officer and Policy/Project Officer of the European Commission for four years on R&I security domains, obtained a holistic point of view in her leadership approaches and excellent communication skills. By taking part in multicultural, interdisciplinary working groups and committees, her qualities on building capacities and synergies among different actors and stakeholders, have been enhanced. She has led a number of projects for both public and private organizations addressed efficiency, technical competence and continuous improvement in Greece (e.g., Energy Inspectors for Buildings Seminars, Energy Management Systems courses etc.). As standardization expert and advisor, she has been involved in EU Research & Innovation projects dealing with critical infrastructures protection, disaster risk reduction, CBRNe threats and cybersecurity. She has authored numerous papers have been presented in international, European and national conferences. The current period, she particularly focuses on Energy safety & security standardization taking into account the perspectives of business continuity, circular economy and cyber security.

Dr. Katerina Poustourli received her PhD in Quality/Robust Engineering in 2011 from National Technical University of Athens, and both her integrated MSc and Bachelor in Production & Management Engineering from Technical University of Crete in 1992. She also gained a Postgraduate Diploma in Design Thinking and Innovation by Emeritus MIT in 2020.

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Topic: How To Avoid Climate Disaster: The Economics Behind Bill Gates' Book

  • Tilak K. Doshi

May 20, 2021

This talk is about Bill Gates new book on "How To Avoid Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need". While the book is for a general audience, it is important to critically assess the implicit economic assumptions utilized in the analysis and policy recommendations presented by the author.

Dr. Tilak K. Doshi is Senior Visiting Fellow, Middle East Institute, NUS. Dr. Doshi is an industry expert with over 25 years of international work experience in leading oil and gas companies and think tanks.

His previous appointments include Chief Economist, Energy Studies Institute, National University of Singapore; Senior Fellow and Program Director, King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia); Executive Director for Energy, Dubai Multi Commodities Centre (DMCC, UAE); Specialist Consultant, Saudi Aramco (Dhahran, Saudi Arabia); Chief Asia Economist, Unocal Corporation (Singapore); Director for Economic and Industry Analysis, Atlantic Richfield Corporation (ARCO, Los Angeles, U.S.).

Dr. Doshi is the author of many articles and three books on energy economics, the most recent of which was “Singapore Chronicles: Energy” (Straits Times Press, 2016). He received his Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Hawaii on a scholarship provided by the East-West Centre. He was one of two candidates which were granted the 1984 Robert S. McNamara Research Fellow award by World Bank, Washington, D.C., and he received a Distinction for MA in Economics by Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand in 1982.

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Topic: Better Customer Service Opens Up New Opportunities for Gas Utilities

  • Walid Elgazzar

May 6, 2021

Gas utilities are not famous for providing great customer service; did you ever consider your gas utility's Google reviews? However, cultivating trusting and engaged customer relations can help gas utilities as they prepare to face coming challenges including defection from the natural gas grid, hydrogen integration and cyber threats.

Walid Elgazzar is a consultant with a focus on energy security and sustainability. He completed numerous projects for public organizations, corporations and startups. Prior to that, Walid held engineering and project management roles in the oil and gas infrastructure business. He holds degrees in mechanical engineering and economics, and he is currently pursuing a Master of Engineering in Infrastructure Protection and International Security at Carleton University.

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Topic: Decarbonizing the Heating and Cooling Sector

  • Pablo Benalcazar

April 23, 2021

The deep decarbonization of the heating and cooling sector is one of the world's most imminent challenges. It is a complex and diverse undertaking that will have a profound economic and social impact. It will have a major effect on households and energy-intensive processing industries. Therefore, it is clear that to address this problem, a combination of various policy instruments and technologies will be required. This podcast discusses the recent challenges and future needs related to the decarbonization of the heating and cooling sector. Moreover, it explores the role that national and local governments will play in supporting the successful transition of this sector.

Dr. Pablo Benalcazar is an Assistant Professor in the Division of Energy Economics at the Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences (MEERI PAS). His research interest focuses on the design, operation, and modeling of combined heat and power systems integrated with energy storage technologies. He holds an M.Sc. and a Ph.D. from the AGH University of Science and Technology. He is a member of the Polish Association for Energy Economics (PAEE) and served as Student Representative in the Council of the IAEE (2019-2020).

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Topic: Preserving Electric Power System Stability with Evolving Generation: The Mexico Case

  • Pablo Marcelo Mulas del Pozo

April 2, 2021

With a strong dependency on power production based on natural gas, most of it imported, Mexico has no official plans for new nuclear power units. On the basis of the energy trilemma and medium-term electricity system projections, a preliminary analysis is made to describe how unforeseen events can deviate the programmed infrastructure from having the electricity system end up in an optimum sustainable state.

Pablo Mulás is the Executive Director of the World Energy Council Mexican committee. His research activities have been in the energy field. He has held academic and management positions in the three main Mexican public universities, in the Mexican nuclear research and electric research establishments, in the latter as President. He is a fellow of the Mexican Academy of Engineering and a member of the Mexican Academy of Science. For the last twenty years, he has been with the World Energy Council in different positions. He was honored with a doctorate "honoris causa" by Salford University of the UK and received the W. Bennett Lewis Award of the American Nuclear Society.

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Topic: What can the U.S. shale oil and gas boom teach economists about labor markets?

  • Gregory B. Upton Jr.

March 25, 2021

Over the past decade, the advent of oil and natural gas production from shale geological formations has fundamentally changed not only global energy markets but also the communities that reside above these formations. This podcast discusses how economists might gain insights from this natural experiment about labor markets and business cycles more broadly.

Discussion is motivated by three working papers that can be found here, here and here.

Greg Upton is Associate Professor-Research at Louisiana State University’s Center for Energy Studies.

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Topic: Social Equity as a Crucial Component of the Energy Transition

  • Julia Snodgrass

March 11, 2021

In the transition to a low-carbon, climate resilient society, there are some crucial social equity and distributional implications that must be addressed. In this podcast, Julia Snodgrass, a Dartmouth College senior, outlines a report she produced for the UN Economic Commission for Europe's Sustainable Energy Division. Applying an intersectional, political ecology framework to two transition case studies, she is able to identify oversights and strengths in policy design and implementation-lessons that can inform decarbonization strategies moving forward.

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Topic: New Directions in Electricity for ASEAN's Economy post COVID-19

  • Kwanruetai Boonyasana

February 24, 2021

The COVID-19 pandemic generated a worldwide health crisis in 2020 causing an unprecedented global upheaval creating shock waves throughout health systems, economies, and societies spreading to every continent except Antarctica. This situation raises the important question of the short- and long-term implications of such a pandemic for political and economic cooperation in the power sector. In terms of electricity demand, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) confronts a dilemma familiar to many emerging economies: energy use remains low relative to the global average, but the area is one of the fastest-growing regions in the world. This podcast discusses the new directions in electricity for ASEAN's post COVID-19 economy, focusing on energy demand and supply, national and cross-border electricity trade, and including power generation technology.

Kwanruetai Boonyasana is a lecturer and researcher in Thailand. Her major research fields are energy, financial and educational economics, while she is also interested in doing research in international trade involving ASEAN. In 2008, she was offered a scholarship from Rajamangala University of Technology Phra Nakhon (RMUTP) to study at the University of Leicester in the United Kingdom, and completed her Ph.D. in Economics in 2013. While there, she received the best presentation award from the "Postgraduate Research Festival" in 2011, and "OFID/IAEE Support Fund" from the International Association for Energy Economics (IAEE) for international conferences in Canada (2009), Sweden (2010), Australia (2012) and the United States (2011 and 2013). She returned to Thailand to take a position as lecturer at RMUTP in Bangkok, and was granted the distinguished award for 2016 by the National Research Council of Thailand for her Ph.D. thesis "World Electricity Co-operation". In addition, she received "The Best Researcher" award from RMUTP in 2017, and "The Best Practice: Excellence in Research Teaching" award from nine Universities of Rajamangala University of Technology (Thailand) in 2019.

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Topic: Decarbonizing an energy company

  • Jacqueline Boucher

February 16, 2021

Deploying a carbon neutrality approach inside an energy company is a whole journey which addresses the upstream, downstream and internal functioning of the business. This podcast relates this journey and highlights the large coordination effort necessary to put all pieces together in order to reach a greenhouse gases trajectory in line with what science based targets in this field.

Jacqueline Boucher has a Ph D in Operations Research and a specialized Ms in Economics. She started her career in European research programs in the energy field at the University of Louvain (BE). She worked afterwards as an independent consultant on missions for the World Bank, the European Commission and for major gas and electricity companies.

She set up the Quantitative Analysis department of Electrabel before becoming SVP Strategy and Chief Risk Officer. She further joined GDF SUEZ in Paris as SVP Economic Modeling and Studies, a center of expertise dedicated to strategic studies, analyses of markets, economics of investment files and risk management tools.

In 2016, she became Chief Power Asset Manager at Engie Global Energy Management, in charge of the hedging and optimization of the power assets, the related vanilla, intraday, exotic short and long term power trading operations and the physical equilibrium of the Engie power assets portfolio in Central West Europe.

Since fall 2019, she has been coordinating the deployment of the Engie carbon neutrality project in the Benelux Business Unit of Engie.

She has been directors in several quoted companies (Elia, Fluxys), acts as director in some Engie affiliated companies and Vice President Business & Government Affairs for the International Association of Energy Economics (IAEE).

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Topic: Liberalization 2.0: Electricity Regulation "Behind the Meter". EVs, prosumers, and RES

  • Atanas Georgiev

February 4, 2021

This podcast is about some of the new challenges, related to the latest technologic advancements in the energy sector. It is about prosumers, distributed generation, renewables, and electric vehicles and how these developments pose new challenges for the energy regulatory authorities.

The decentralization of the electricity grid will lead to the spurring of new business models. They will require new set of regulatory knowledge, skills, and instruments - so that the incentives in the market will be right and that the interests of all stakeholders are well balanced.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Atanas Georgiev is Dean of the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski" (FEBA, SU). He is also Head of Department "Industrial Economics and Management" and Director of the master's program "Energy Markets and Services" at FEBA. Publisher and Chief Editor of the business media "Utilities" and "Facilities". He is a frequent guest lecturer at the Bulgarian Diplomatic Institute and author of many energy-related publications.

Atanas defended a Ph.D. dissertation on the institutional independence of energy regulatory authorities and has Master's Degrees in "Energy Economics" and "Finance and Banking" from FEBA, SU. He attended specializations at the US State Department (IVLP "Global Energy Security"); "Generation Next" at Rossotrudnichestvo; courses at the Public Utility Research Center (Florida, USA) and the Florence School of Regulation, Azerbaijan Diplomatic Academy, etc.

Atanas is a member of the IAEE and a board member at national associations: National Committee of Bulgaria for the World Energy Council and the Electric Mobility Industrial Cluster. He has been an active consultant in the energy sector since 2005 - at Uconomics Ltd. and at Public Services Ltd.

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Topic: The electric vehicle transition and the importance of understanding consumer behaviour

  • Marcello Contestabile

January 21, 2021

Driven by strong government incentives, over the last few years the market for electric vehicles has truly taken off; yet the electric vehicle transition is still in its early phases and substantial obstacles lay ahead. Electric vehicles are a consumer product and therefore consumer acceptance is particularly critical, however the complex factors behind it are not yet well understood by the governments that seek to promote their adoption and the automotive industry that manufactures them. This podcast reviews key insights from the study of leading electric vehicle markets and discusses their policy implications.

Marcello Contestabile is Principal Economist at the Qatar Environment & Energy Research Institute (QEERI) and leads the Institute's techno-economic and policy research activities since February 2019. He is also a Visiting Fellow at the Imperial College Centre for Energy Policy and Technology (ICEPT). Marcello holds a PhD in Energy Policy and Technology and MSc in Environmental Technology, both from Imperial College London. Over the last 15 years he has conducted extensive techno-economic and policy analysis of low-emission road transport technology, particularly battery electric and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, and related infrastructure. Marcello has held positions in research organisations in Europe and the Middle East, in consultancy, industry and government.

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Topic: Energy and Health Care Parallels: Maximizing Electric Utility Social Welfare

  • Douglas B. Reynolds

January 14, 2021

This pod cast, based on a paper from the 4th IAEE Eurasian Conference in Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan, is about electric power markets. It considers consumer sovereignty in U.S. health care markets and then looks at the parallels between those health care markets and electric power markets. It then shows how one particular U.S. health care market mechanism called the Advantage Medicare System works best. It then explains how an Electric Power CEO bonus system, based on the Advantage System, can create better, more socially maximizing outcomes for electric power markets than the current consumer sovereignty based systems the world is using now.

Professor Douglas B. Reynolds, Ph.D. is a professor of petroleum and energy economics at the University of Alaska Fairbanks. He has lived, worked and studied in many countries, and has studied and worked on energy economic models for Alaska for over two decades. He lived in the former Soviet Union just after the fall. He has published multiple articles, books and book chapters and has an academic Google Hirsch Index of 16.

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Topic: China and the World Oil Market

  • Raymond Li

January 7, 2021

The take-off of China's economy has often been associated with the rising oil price before the oil price crash in 2014. This podcast reviews China's activities and involvement in the world oil market in recent decades. It also presents new empirical results on the influence of Chinese oil imports on the oil price.

Raymond Li is assistant professor of economics at the University of Canberra, Australia. His main research interests include market integration, energy pricing and energy consumption analysis. Before moving to Canberra, Ray held a faculty position at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University. He has also taught courses on energy economics at the Chinese University of Hong Kong and Hong Kong Baptist University.

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Topic: Distribution network tariffs in an increasingly distributed, decentralised, and decarbonised power system: Australian and UK perspectives

  • Alan Rai, Duncan Sinclair, and Scott Sandles

December 28, 2020

This podcast discusses recent developments in the design of distribution network tariffs in South Australia, the state with one of the highest take up rates of distributed energy resources (chiefly, rooftop PV), globally. The South Australian experience is compared and contrasted with the experience in the UK, where there is also high DER adoption, in the form of electric vehicles.

In the context of a projected acceleration in DER take-up in Australia and the UK, the speakers note the need for distribution networks to continue to evolve to enable both the efficient integration of DER and to maximise the value to the overall power system from increased DER take up.

Alan Rai (Main Speaker):

Alan is a Director in Baringa Partners’ Australian office, where he leads their investment advisory area, consulting for private- and public-sector debt and equity investors. Alan has worked in a diverse range of areas, including: policy and regulation, business case analysis, asset valuation, transaction advisory and market due diligence, cutting across all asset classes including large-scale thermal, renewables, interconnectors, and pumped and battery storage. He has worked with the whole spectrum of energy clients, including: government, regulators, system operators, utilities, project developers, investment and infrastructure funds, lenders, network businesses and industry bodies.

Duncan Sinclair:

Duncan Sinclair is a leading expert in energy market design and regulation, and has over 25 years of experience in the global power and utilities sector.

Over the past decade he has advised Government, regulators and system operators on decarbonisation policy and integrating renewables into electricity systems.

Duncan has advised a number of clients on the commercial and regulatory issues surrounding decentralised energy and smart grids, covering active network management of distributed generation, distribution connected electricity storage and demand side response.  He is advising network companies on potential changes to business and operating models associated with the transition to more active Distribution System Operation, in the UK, US and Australia.  He is also working with developers of offshore grid projects on commercial and regulatory models.

Scott Sandles:

Scott is a Senior Manager in Baringa Partners’ Australian office, where he leads the energy networks advisory area. Scott has extensive experience in energy network policy and regulation including: network access and tariff reform, incentive scheme design, expenditure assessments, cost of capital, revenue and asset base modelling, service classification and revenue/price control mechanism design. Prior to joining Baringa Partners earlier this year, Scott was the Director of Network Tariff Reform at the Australian Energy Regulator. Scott also worked at Ofgem where he led several workstreams of Ofgem’s Future Charging and Access reforms.

Contact Alan Rai, Duncan Sinclair, and Scott Sandles


Topic: Regulatory Policy Considerations for Cost Effective Investment in Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure in the US

  • Joe Cavicchi

November 25, 2020

"Regulatory Policy Considerations for Cost Effective Investment in Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure in the US" discusses regulatory measures that can complement the development of convenient and predictable access to EV charging. Issues addressed include the benefits of providing up-front incentives to incentivize consumers to buy EVs and the value of flexible regulatory frameworks that allow for a mix of public and private investment. Mr. Cavicchi discusses the evolving role of public financial support for EVSE and EV charging stations and a number of considerations that arise when policymakers and regulators evaluate the various approaches that may be adopted to support EV charger accessibility. Mr. Cavicchi concludes that government interventions be calibrated to avoid adversely affecting the development of a competitive market for EV charging infrastructure.

Joe Cavicchi is an expert on the economics of wholesale and retail electricity markets. With more than 20 years of consulting experience, he advises a wide range of clients on issues associated with wholesale power market design and market power mitigation frameworks, wholesale and retail contracting practices, and regulatory and contract disputes arising in these marketplaces. In these engagements Mr. Cavicchi has conducted economic analyses evaluating the impact of regulatory policies on electricity markets, applied rigorous analytical modeling tools to power system operations, evaluated the effectiveness of market power mitigation frameworks in conjunction with antitrust analyses, and led economic investigations of market participant bidding behavior associated with allegations of market manipulation. Mr. Cavicchi has extensive experience as an expert witness before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and other federal and state regulatory authorities. He presents and publishes frequently on issues relevant to electricity market design and evolution. He is a registered professional mechanical engineer in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts

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Topic: Where can drivers charge their electric vehicle for free in the US?

  • Nicolas Astier and Marie Louise Arlt

November 19, 2020

How electric vehicles (EV) pay for charging can play an important role in facilitating the integration of EVs into the power system. This podcast explores the current pricing practices of charging stations in the United States. Quite surprisingly, many stations are supposedly offering free charging, suggesting that hosting facilities derive additional benefits from attracting EV drivers. We also find indications that the share of free stations might decrease with higher EV adoption.

Marie Louise Arlt is a PhD student in Economics at the University of Freiburg, Germany, and a Visiting Scientist at Stanford University and SLAC. She studies economic approaches to integrate flexible loads in electricity markets with high shares of renewable energy, including electric vehicles.

Nicolas Astier is a postdoctoral fellow within the Bits & Watts Initiative at the Stanford Precourt Institute for Energy. His research focuses on the on-going fundamental changes in the electricity industry, such as electric mobility and the increasing adoption of distributed energy resources.

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Topic: Energy Security in the XXI Century

  • Honorata Nyga-Lukaszewska

October 22, 2020

In this podcast Honorata Nyga-Lukaszewska describes energy security in the XXI century. The talk delivers the phenomenon's evolution since 1970s and 1980s and provides insights on COVID-19 influence on oil and gas markets. Additionally, podcast uses an example of Poland to present energy security concerns in the Central and Eastern Europe.

Honorata Nyga-Lukaszewska, PhD is assistant professor at the Warsaw School of Economics, Poland. Her main research interests centre around international economics, energy security and international energy markets. Author and reviewer of numerous articles, book chapters and book on energy security. Graduate of the IEA training on "Energy security and international energy markets". Alumnae of the US State Department International Visitors Leadership Programme dedicated to "US Energy security and foreign policy". Active in teaching assignments.

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Topic: EVs Will Never Prevail Over ICEs

  • Mamdouh G Salameh

November 5, 2020

Mamdouh Salameh argues that electric vehicles (EVs) are going to face an uphill battle against internal combustion engines (ICEs). And while they are bound to get a share of the global transport system, they will never prevail over ICEs. EVs' share of the market could only decelerate slightly the demand for oil. As a result, ICEs will continue to be the dominant means of transport throughout the 21st century and far beyond.

Mamdouh G. Salameh is an international oil economist. He is also a visiting professor of energy economics at the ESCP Europe Business School in London. Dr Salameh holds a PhD in Economics specializing in the economics & geopolitics of oil and energy. He has authored four books on oil.

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Free Podcast

Topic: Rural electrification, energy access and economic development: What is the evidence and how does it affect policy?

  • Mike Toman and Jörg Peters

October 29, 2020

Donor agencies and governments in the Global South are investing billions into extending the electricity grid to rural areas. Mike Toman and Jörg Peters discuss the latest evidence on the social and economic impacts these investments have. Furthermore, they ponder the political economy behind preferences of governments for building infrastructure over providing decentralized technologies like off-grid solar and improved cookstoves. 

Further readings:

https://voxdev.org/topic/energy-environment/do-improved-cooking-stoves-inevitably-go-smoke-evidence-india-and-senegal
https://blogs.worldbank.org/developmenttalk/rural-electrification-how-much-does-sub-saharan-africa-need-grid

Jörg Peters heads the research group “Climate Change in Developing Countries” at RWI – Leibniz Institute for Economic Research in Germany. His research focuses on the evaluation of infrastructure programs as well as decentralized energy. Moreover, Jörg is engaged in the research transparency debate. His research findings have been published in leading journals, including the Journal of Health EconomicsNature Energy, and the World Bank Economic Review.

Michael A. Toman (Mike) is a lead economist in the World Bank Development Research Group and manager of the sustainability and infrastructure research team. His current research interests include energy supply and economic development, and climate change mitigation. Prior to joining the World Bank in 2008, Mike held senior analytical and management positions at RAND Corporation, Inter-American Development Bank, and Resources for the Future. He also served as a Senior Staff Economist at the White House Council of Economic Advisers from 1994-1996.

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Topic: Who wants to ride the Swedish nuclear rollercoaster?

  • Thomas Tangerås

October 22, 2020

Sweden is one of the countries in the world that is most reliant on nuclear power. Despite this dependence, nuclear power has been surrounded by political controversy almost from the very beginning. This podcast documents the history of nuclear power in Sweden, in particular the abrupt policy reversals that on every occasion have overturned the conditions for nuclear power investment. It ends with an outlook on the future of nuclear power in Sweden.

Thomas Tangerås is associate professor of economics. He directs the "Sustainable Energy Transition" research program at the Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) in Stockholm. His research focuses on market power in electricity markets, regulation of network industries and energy policy.

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Topic: Energy Price Jumps, Fat Tails and Climate Policy

  • Charles Mason

October 15, 2020

Many authors who have analyzed key energy commodities such as crude oil and natural gas have found that prices of these commodities exhibit either time-varying volatility or rapid, unexpected changes - also known as jumps. Either of these phenomena lead to "fat tails," the feature that large percentage changes occur far more often that would be predicted by a conventional model (for example, that assumed percentage changes were normally distributed). In this podcast I discuss the evidence supporting the presence of fat tails for key energy-relatedcommodities, and then discuss the implications for investment in costly projects that will be difficult, if not impossible, to reverse. A central theme in this analysis is that the presence of jumps or fat tails increases the premium associated with delaying investment, often referred to as the "option value of waiting." The presence of jumps increases the option value of waiting, thereby delaying investments; this takes on particular significance when the investments in question are intended to combat climate change.

See the related USAEE working paper at: USAEE Working Paper No. 20-463

Charles Mason is the H. A. "Dave" True, Jr. Chair in Petroleum and Natural Gas Economics in the Department of Economics and Associate Dean in the College of Business at the University of Wyoming. His research is mainly focused on energy / resource economics. He has served in a variety of editorial roles over the past few decades, including: editor of the Journal of Environmental Economics and Management; associate editor of the European Economic Review; co-editor of Economic Inquiry; joint editor-in-chief of Strategic Behavior and the Environment. He is a faculty fellow at Resources for the Future. He was a visiting academic at Cambridge, Oxford and the London School of Economics in the UK; the Venice International University in Italy; and the Toulouse School of Economics in France. He testified in the case brought by the US Department of Justice against BP related to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.

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Topic: Sustainable Electricity Market Design - Challenges, Existing Contributions and a Novel Approach

  • Gerald Blumberg, Christoph Weber, and Aiko Schinke-Nendza

October 8, 2020

In this podcast, Gerald Blumberg, Christoph Weber and Aiko Schinke-Nendza discuss challenges and existing contributions to an improved sustainable electricity market design. Decarbonization and distributed energy resources are discussed as key drivers and the challenges for coordination in these times of digitization are highlighted. Specifically, a novel two-layer market design is proposed which contributes to solving some of the identified challenges.

Latest publication (will be published after the EEM 2020): Schinke-Nendza, A; Blumberg, G; Weber, C: "A Novel Design for Electricity Markets based on the Cellular Approach", EEM 2020

Gerald Blumberg works since 2016 as research associate and since 2019 as head of the research group "Renewable Energy and Networks" at the House of Energy Markets and Finance at the University Duisburg-Essen. He studied Business Administration and Electrical Energy Engineering at the Universities of Aachen and Trondheim. Besides long-term energy scenarios and regionalization his research interests lie in the electricity market design and the regulatory framework of the energy system. Furthermore, congestion management, ancillary service procurement and the market integration of distribution grid participants are fields of his interests.

Prof. Dr. Christoph Weber holds since 2004 the Chair for Management Science and Energy Economics at the University Duisburg-Essen. He studied mechanical engineering at the University of Stuttgart and took a doctoral degree in economics at the University Hohenheim in 1999. Within his habilitation in 2004 and other research he focused on methods for decision support in energy economics by consideration of relevant uncertainties. His group with more than 20 researchers is part of the House of Energy Markets and Finance and is conducting research on a wide range of energy industry issues. His research interests include market design for sustainable electricity markets, decisions under uncertainty, modelling of uncertainties in renewable and other energy systems and models of electricity, balancing power, heat and gas markets.

Aiko Schinke-Nendza studied industrial engineering and management at the University of Duisburg-Essen. Since February 2019 he is working as a research associate at the House of Energy Markets and Finance in the research group "Renewable Energies and Networks". His research interests include the development and modelling of market designs of future energy systems (with a focus on the interaction of market and grid, considering the effect of local incentives) and the forecasting of congestions in electricity grids based with renewable infeed. As project manager of the research project ZellNetz2050 he majorly contributed to the novel two-layer market design which is (also) presented within this podcast.

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Topic: The development of China's green finance

  • Lin Zhang

October 1, 2020

China has officially started the development of green finance since 2012 when the term ecological civilization was enshrined in the Chinese Communist Party Constitution. The process is more top-down in nature, with the importance of climate mitigation and low-carbon development being highlighted. Over the past years, China has built an innovative and competitive market for green finance, with solid financial system and market mechanisms. This helps its way towards green development and sustainability, provides experience-sharing and assistance to countries along the Belt and Road Initiative, and contributes to the global climate change mitigation.

Dr. Lin Zhang is an assistant professor in the School of Energy and Environment at the City University of Hong Kong, with a joint appointment in the Department of Public Policy. Before moving to Hong Kong in 2016, he was a researcher associated with Centre of Economic Research at ETH Zurich. Zhang's research aims to develop improved quantitative modelling approaches for the design, evaluation, and upgrade of sustainable energy policies at local, regional, and global levels. Dr. Zhang holds a PhD in economics from ETH Zurich, double bachelor degrees from Peking University.

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Topic: What is "fair" for electricity pricing in this renewable energy era?

  • Mohammad Ansarin

September 24, 2020

There's some controversy about pricing electricity, especially where there's small-scale solar generation. Persistent are misunderstandings about tariff fairness in debates between utilities, regulators, consumers, and solar energy advocates. What we need most are objective evaluations of a tariff's pros and cons and viewing electricity more as a private good.

Mohammad Ansarin is a PhD candidate at the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University (Netherlands). He currently analyzes the wealth transfer and economic efficiency effects of metering and tariff design in high-renewables distribution grids. Previously, Mohammad worked on agent-based modeling of the electricity grid. In a previous life, Mohammad obtained two engineering degrees, one BSc from Sharif University of Technology (Iran) and another MSc from Koc University (Turkey).

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Social Acceptance of Wind Energy: Evidence from Cross-Country Surveys

  • Anna (Ebers) Broughel

September 17, 2020

This podcast is dedicated to the matters of public acceptance and investor acceptance of wind energy technologies in Europe and the US. The talk provides insights on best project development practices, ranging from utilization of immersive virtual reality technology for project visualizations to describing community's preferences with respect to wind project characteristics. The talk touches upon willingness-to-invest into community finance in different countries, as well as the role of the third-party project developers in the energy transition.

Anna (Ebers) Broughel is an energy economist and statistician at Tetra Tech, with a decade of experience in energy project management and data analysis. Prior to joining Tetra Tech, Dr. Ebers worked as a technical project manager at the Solar Energy Technologies Office of the U.S. Department of Energy. During 4 years of her post-doctoral training, she researched permitting barriers to large energy projects, working collaboratively with co-authors from Sweden, Austria, Germany, and other countries, and presented to a wide range of audiences at both academic and industry conferences.

She holds an MA from the University of Konstanz, Germany, and a PhD in economics and policy from the State University of New York in association with Syracuse University, where she was a Fulbright scholar. After completing her post-doctoral work at the University of St.Gallen, Switzerland, she gained further professional experience as a researcher and lecturer at the University of Maryland, College Park. Currently, she serves as a council member for the U.S. Association for Energy Economics and a non-resident fellow at the University of Texas at Austin.

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Topic: Interdisciplinary studies for the Energy Transition

  • Marina Bertolini

Sept 14, 2020

The Energy Transition environment is dense of aspects to be investigated and highly uncertain; Only through a systematic interdisciplinary dialogue and joint modelling we will reach useful results in research; These results are necessary to provide the correct policy indications to exploit projects that will lead to new energy markets.

Marina Bertolini is a post-doc research fellow at the Department of Economics and Management at the University of Padova (Italy). She also works for the Interuniversity Research Centre on Public Economics (CRIEP) on energy-related issues. Her research interests mainly regards energy markets, investment evaluation in the energy field, utilities regulation and public-private partnerships. She also works on European funds in the energy field. In 2019, she founded the academic spin-off Economit that is currently under her direction.

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Topic: Energy Transition, Distributed Energy Resources, and the Need for Information

  • Burcin Unel

August 30, 2020

Proliferation of distributed energy resources spurred discussions about how to reforms today's utility regulation. However, these discussions overlook the role information plays in designing optimal policies for distributed energy resources. This podcast discusses how information, or lack thereof, can affect the cost-effectiveness of the transition to a clean and distributed energy future. It then outlines how new modeling tools that can take into account information asymmetries can help policymakers design better policies.

Dr. Burcin Unel is the Energy Policy Director at the Institute for Policy Integrity at New York University School of Law. She leads Policy Integrity's stakeholder involvement both at the federal and state level in front of regulatory agencies such as public utility commissions and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. She is an expert in utility regulation, and environmental and energy policy, and has authored numerous papers, policy briefs, public comments, and reports to improve the quality of governmental decisionmaking in those areas. Her articles on designing energy policy for the future of the grid have been selected by the Environmental Law Institute as one of the top five environmental law articles of the year three times in a row, from 2017 to 2019. Before joining Policy Integrity, she held faculty positions at the Department of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy at the University of Florida, and the Department of Economics at Bogaziçi University in Turkey.

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Topic: Rewarding a group of customers for energy production and consumption after feed-in programs

  • Yoshihiro Yamamoto

August 24, 2020

Customer-owned devices such as photovoltaic systems and energy storage systems will contribute to decarbonization, affordable energy provision, and so on. At the same time, however, they might disturb the management of the power system, causing an imbalance between energy supply and demand. This podcast proposes a reward system to incentivize small-scale customer-owners to operate their devices in a harmonized way.

Yoshihiro Yamamoto is a professor at the Takasaki City University of Economics, Japan. His research interest is the economic analysis of renewable energy with regard to investment, trade, and organization. Today, he particularly focuses on policy design for renewables to be well integrated into the power system. He holds a PhD in energy science from Kyoto University.

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Topic: Energy Transition in Latin America: No one can serve two masters

  • Dr. Carlos Silva

August 19, 2020

Facing the challenges of the energy transition in a region with social inequalities

People in Latin America are concerned about how climate change affects the local effects of pollution, but the region also has some very real and urgent concerns of inequality and poverty. How can the region serve two masters? Can public policy promote green technologies while keeping its priority in supporting the poor? Can a country spend a significant amount of public resources supporting renewable energies or decarbonization? Can it be justified to spend money that could be allocated to serve public schools or to provide better health services to the underprivileged?

Professor Silva received his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering in 2000 from University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, and both his MSc in Electrical Engineering and his Bachelor in Industrial Engineering from Universidad Católica de Chile in 1996 and 1994, respectively.

Dr. Silva is an associate professor at the Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez in Santiago, Chile. He is also a researcher at the Solar Energy Research Center (SERC).

Dr. Silva has led a number of projects for both the government and private companies addressing energy efficiency, renewable energies, power system economics and markets, and public policy design on energy sustainability, in the United States and Chile.

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Topic: The Trans European Network-Energy (TEN-E) Regulation and the European Green Deal

  • Dr. Tooraj Jamasb

August 13, 2020

The recently adopted European Green Deal aim to achieve decarbonisation of the EU energy sector and economy. This requires a revision of the focus of the Trans European Network-Energy (TEN-E) Regulation for the development of the European energy sector. This podcast revisits the features and experience of the TEN-E Regulation so far. It then outlines a set of recommendations to be considered in the forthcoming revision of the TEN-E.

Tooraj Jamasb is the director of Copenhagen School of Energy Infrastructure (CSEI) and Endowed Professor of Energy Economics at the Department of Economics, Copenhagen Business School (CBS). He has previously held the post as Professor of Energy Economics at Durham University and prior to that as SIRE Chair in Energy Economics, Heriot-Watt University and Senior Research Associate, University of Cambridge, where he obtained his PhD. He is a Research Associate at Energy Policy Research Group (University of Cambridge); Centre for Energy and Environmental Policy Research (Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT); and the Oviedo Efficiency Group (University of Oviedo). He is a member of the academic advisory panel of the UK energy regulator Ofgem.

He is co-editor of the interdisciplinary books "The Future of Electricity Demand: Customers, Citizens and Loads, 2011"; "Delivering a Low-Carbon Electricity System, 2008"; and "Future Electricity Technologies and Systems, 2006"; all published by Cambridge University Press. He is an Associate Editor of the journals Energy Strategy Reviews and Sustainability. Prof. Jamasb has participated in projects for the Council of European Energy Regulators, several European and international government and energy regulators, energy companies, and The World Bank. With his numerous international peer-reviewed publications in leading energy journals and a number of international research projects.

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Topic: Effectiveness and Balance: a Canadian Regulator's Approach to Energy Efficiency Programs

  • Jackie Ashley

August 7, 2020

Energy efficiency programs encourage customers to be more efficient in their use of energy. However, they also require a source of funding and it can be difficult to explain to decision makers why utilities should fund programs that encourage customers to use less (rather than more) of their product. This podcast addresses this issue by presenting a 'plain English' explanation of how energy efficiency programs, funded by a utility, can be both cost-effective and equitable.

Jackie Ashley brings over twenty years' experience in the regulation of the energy sector to the British Columbia Utilities Commission (BCUC). Prior to joining the BCUC, Jackie gained extensive regulatory and rate design experience at BC Hydro, and then moved to the New Zealand Electricity Authority where she worked on market development. At the BCUC, Jackie's focus is on improving the efficiency of both the supply side and the demand side of the electricity and gas market, with key areas of focus being long-term resource planning, energy efficiency, rate design and distributed generation.

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Topic: It's Not All About the Money: Switching Energy Suppliers

  • Catherine Waddams and David Deller

August 5, 2020

Low switching rates in residential energy markets have puzzled many policymakers and academics. In this podcast Catherine Waddams and David Deller discuss their analysis of over 7,000 consumers' decisions in a collective energy auction in Britain. Greater savings were positively associated with switching, but the effect of increasing them leveled off above about £100 a year. Although energy itself may be a homogeneous product, consumers exhibit non-price preferences between suppliers. Also, uncertainty and time pressures, as well as household structure and level of education all affected whether or not respondents accepted the auction's offer of savings. The findings explain why policymakers cannot rely on the presence of cheaper deals in the energy market to guarantee widespread switching to cheaper energy providers.

David Deller is a Senior Research Associate at the Centre for Competition Policy (CCP) at the University of East Anglia in the United Kingdom. He supports senior academics in producing applied research relating to regulated industries and competition policy. Core tasks include the analysis of survey datasets in STATA and co-ordinating the Centre for Competition Policy's responses to official consultations and tenders. Prior to joining CCP, David was awarded a PhD in Economics and worked as a Temporary Lecturer at the University of Essex in Colchester.

Catherine Waddams (formerly Price) is a member of the Centre for Competition Policy (CCP) and Emeritus Professor in Norwich Business School, which she joined in 2000. She was director of CCP until July 2011. From 1995 to 2000 she was founding Director of the Centre for Management under Regulation and Professor in Warwick Business School, and prior to that senior lecturer in economics at the University of Leicester. She has held visiting positions at the University of California at Berkeley, the University of Copenhagen and the University of Cambridge.

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Topic: Sustainable Energy Options for Electricity Generation in Bangladesh

  • Dr. Sakib Bin Amin

August 2, 2020

As an emerging economy, Bangladesh is considered a 'role model' of socio-economic development among the South Asian countries. Despite all adversities, the country has achieved sustainable economic growth over 7% in the last decade. Bangladesh government's vision is to become an upper-middle-income country by 2021, and a high-income country by 2041. Providing electricity to a broad population segment at an affordable price would be a prerequisite to sustain targeted economic growth levels and the desired levels and spread of social development. Therefore, the Bangladesh government aims to create a well-balanced power generation environment by considering its future energy mix in light of affordability, sustainability, environment, and social aspects.

Dr. Sakib Bin Amin is an Associate Professor in the Department of Economics, and the Director of the Accreditation Project Team (APT) at North South University, Bangladesh. He holds a Ph.D. in Economics from Durham University (UK). Dr. Amin was also the receiver of the Commonwealth Rutherford Fellowship (2017-2018) for conducting his postdoctoral research in Energy Economics at Durham University (UK). He is the first Bangladeshi modeller to develop an energy focused DSGE (Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium) model in relevance to the Bangladesh energy sector. Bangladesh Energy Regulatory Commission (BERC) underpinned the results of his model in increasing the price of retail electricity by 5.3% on a weighted average in 2017.His research mainly focuses on electricity price reform, and energy policy in the developing Countries. Dr. Sakib Amin would be delighted to hear from colleagues, students and others interested in energy related issues in developing countries and can be contacted at sakib.amin@northsouth.edu

For further information, please visit: http://sakibamin.com/

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Topic: Markets for congestion management - current debate in Europe and open research questions

  • Anna Pechan & Marius Buchmann

July 26, 2020

The EU Commission requires network operators to establish markets for network services to integrated distributed generators and especially flexible loads into these processes. In this podcast Anna and Marius give you some insights into their experience with such markets from different research projects. We briefly touch upon the current debate about market-based redispatch in Germany and afterwards focus on three challenges with respect to incentive regulation and TSO/DSO-Coordination that come with the introduction of congestion management markets and discuss potential solutions.

Anna Pechan and Marius Buchmann are both PostDocs at Jacobs University Bremen at the chair for Energy Economics where they investigate regulatory and market design issues related to the energy transition in Europe.

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Topic: Emissions trading in a net zero world - what will be traded?

  • Prof. Dr. Regina Betz
  • Interview conducted by Raphaela Kotsch (PhD Student at ZHAW and University of Zurich)

July 21, 2020

The Paris agreement states in Art. 4 that "a balance between anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases" is to be achieved by the mid of the century. Many countries have introduced emissions trading schemes in order to meet their commitments under the Paris agreement. But how may an emissions trading system be designed in a net zero world? This podcast will provide some food for thought.

Prof. Dr. Regina Betz is Head of the Center for Energy and the Environment (CEE) at the School of Management and Law of the Zurich University of Applied Sciences (ZHAW). Before joining ZHAW she was Joint Director at the Centre for Energy and Environmental Markets (CEEM) at the UNSW Sydney. Regina's teaching and research interests include energy and climate economics. She also contributes to master courses and consults to industry and government clients in these areas in Europe and Australia. She has been called to appear as an expert witness in climate change issues at various Federal government enquiries. Today her research is mainly focusing on the design of climate policies such as emissions trading schemes or energy efficiency obligations as well as electricity markets applying experimental economics or empirical methods.

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Rooftop PV and electricity distributors: who wins and who loses?

  • Bruce Mountain

July 9, 2020

Rooftop solar is growing rapidly in Australia. The question of whether households with rooftop solar are being subsidised by other customers, and the impact of rooftop solar on network charges is getting attention. We have examined this in Victoria, Australia and conclude that rooftop solar's network impacts are small, and swamped by wholesale market price effects.

Bruce is the inaugural Director of the Victoria Energy Policy Centre. He is a well-known Australian energy economist whose research and advisory work has focussed on the economic regulation of network monopolies, the analysis of retail energy markets, and the design of emission reduction and renewable energy policies. Bruce has been a long-standing advisor to governments, regulators, market participants and interest groups in Australia and internationally. His PhD from Victoria University was on the political economy of energy regulation in Australia, and he has a Bachelor's and a Master's degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Cape Town and qualified as a Chartered Management Accountant in England.

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Canada's COVID-19 Economic Response Plan: Supporting the Clean-up of Orphan and Inactive Oil and Gas Wells

  • Aaron Annable

July 8, 2020

As part of its response to support Canadians and businesses facing hardship as a result of the global COVID-19 pandemic, the Government of Canada announced C$1.72 billion to fund the clean-up of orphan and inactive oil & gas wells in Alberta, Saskatchewan and British Columbia, the three provinces where the large majority of these wells are located. The funding is being distributed to these provinces, all of which have launched programs to receive applications from interested landowners and oilfield service companies. These programs, which will generate energy sector employment while cleaning up the environment at the same time, have the potential to create thousands of jobs and lead to the reclamation of tens of thousands of wells.

Aaron Annable began his assignment as Energy Counsellor at the Embassy of Canada in Washington, D.C., in September 2016. Prior to this, he was a Senior Advisor for energy and environmental issues in the North America Bureau at Global Affairs Canada in Ottawa. In 2014-15, he served for 10 months as Acting Consul General of Canada to New England, based in Boston, before which he was Head of Foreign Policy and Diplomacy at the Consulate General in Boston for four years, where he managed Canada's political, energy and public affairs files and public in the region. He has previously held several positions within Global Affairs Canada, where he worked on numerous Canada-U.S. energy and trade policy files. Prior to joining the Department in 2003, he worked for both the Privy Council Office and Service Canada. He graduated from McGill University with a degree in Political Science (International Relations) and is from Montreal, Quebec.

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Global Hydrogen Prospects: Synergies with Gas and LNG

  • Roberto F. Aguilera

June 30, 2020

Hydrogen is expected to play a role in a low carbon energy future, but it remains to be seen if the universe's most abundant elemant will be able to gain significant market share in the energy mix. This presentation provides an overview, examining the opportunities and constraints in the coming decades, with a focus on synergies between hydrogen and the natural gas and LNG industries.

This content was originally presented at the RIU Good Oil Conference. We thank RIU Conferences for their permission to share this content.

Roberto F. Aguilera is an Energy Economist with Curtin University Oil and Gas Innovation Centre, Australia. He was a Distinguished Lecturer of the Society of Petroleum Engineers in 2018-2019, on the subject of oil prices, which took him to 30 cities worldwide. From 2013-2017, he was an analyst with the OPEC Secretariat, Vienna, where he co-authored their annual World Oil Outlook. He Holds PhD and Master degrees from Colorado School of Mines, USA, and a Bachelor degree from Haskayne School of Business, University of Calgary. His publication record comprises The Price of Oil, a book published by Cambridge University Press in English and Chinese.

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Nuclear in the Recovery Plan in Europe

  • Claude Fischer Herzog

June 15, 2020

Claude was a school teacher and graduate of the Sorbonne Doctoral School of Political Science. She created Confrontations Europe with Philippe Herzog and Michel Rocard in 1991 where she was general secretary then president. She heads ASCPE, a studies and training company which organizes "Les Entretiens Européens" and "Les Entretiens Eurafricains".

She leads reflection and action for the Energy Union and seminars for the societal appropriation of nuclear power in Europe, and a seminar "Europe 21" with Philippe Herzog on the identity of Europe and the need to re-found the European Union.

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Is Australian policy support for Time-Of-Use tariffs doing more harm than good?

  • Kelly Burns

June 9, 2020

The move towards variable electricity generation has seen a resurgence in the popularity of Time-Of-Use (TOU) tariffs with Australian regulators, policy makers, electricity distributors and retailers. Dr Kelly Burns reviews recent empirical evidence into the effectiveness of TOU tariffs to encourage Victorian households to shift load from high price peak periods to low price off-peak periods and critically analyses the policy support for these tariff structures. While TOU tariffs as a pricing option for households to consciously opt-in could offer benefits for some households, encouraging (or even forcing) the take up TOU tariffs will fail to achieve the policy objective of load shifting and may do more harm than good, particularly for poorer households.

Kelly Burns is a Senior Research Fellow at the Victoria Energy Policy Centre at Victoria University. She has an extensive background in economics, law and finance across and the public and private sectors including Australian Bureau of Statistics, Colonial First State, Department of Premier and Cabinet (Vic) and Department of Justice (Vic). Kelly holds a PhD in Economics from RMIT, L.L.B (hons) and B.Eco (hons) from LaTrobe University, and Graduate Certificate in Financial Planning from FINSIA. Her primary specialisation is in the application of econometric modelling and forecasting in the field of energy economics.

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The Outlook for Energy and Carbon Markets in China

  • Philip Andrews-Speed

June 3, 2020

China's government has launched a number of initiatives to increase the role of market forces in the energy sector: in the oil, gas and electricity industries, and through the development of carbon markets. However, the wider political and economic context is undermining these moves. Central and local government agencies interfere in the operation of these markets. At the same time, most resources and assets remain in the hands of enterprises owned by the state at central or local levels. As a result, the new market mechanisms will not yield their potential efficiency improvements and emissions reductions. The government's responses to COVID-19 does not appear to improve this outlook.

Dr Philip Andrews-Speed is a Senior Principal Fellow at the Energy Studies Institute, National University of Singapore. He has nearly 40 years in the field of energy and resources, starting his career as a mineral and oil exploration geologist before moving into the field of energy and resource governance. His main research interest has been the political economy of the low-carbon energy transition. China has been a particular focus for his research, but in recent years he has been more deeply engaged with energy challenges in Southeast Asia. His latest book China as a Global Clean Energy Champion: Lifting the Veil (with Sufang Zhang) appeared early in 2019.

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Climate-friendly recovery package: We cannot waste the crisis!

  • Claudia Kemfert

June 1, 2020

In view of the dramatic Covid19 crisis, do we really have to put all climate protection measures on ice now, as is now being called for in isolated cases but loudly? No, the opposite is the case, two crises can be resolved at once if the rescue packages are future-oriented and focus on climate protection and sustainability. Prof. Kemfert reports on studies that have examined specific economic recovery packages for a socio-ecological transformation in Germany.

Prof. Dr. Claudia Kemfert is Professor of Energy Economics and Sustainability and Head of the department Energy, Transportation, Environment at the German Institute of Economic Research (DIW Berlin) since April 2004. She is a member of the German Advisory Council on the Environment.

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COVID-19 and the Shaping of Our Energy Future

  • Akin Iwayemi

May 16, 2020

Arguably, our energy future will no longer be business as usual given the way COVID-19 Pandemic has severely impacted our globalized world. Indeed, the short run health, economic, social and psychological impact of the disease has been unprecedent since the end of the Second World War. An important task for us as key stakeholders in the energy sector and the economy in general is to provide insight as how to play the new energy game that is already unfolding before our very eyes across the globe efficiently. The main objective of this podcast is to explore some of the key issues associated with the new energy normal, partly highlighted by the recent negative price for May deliveries of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil. The current disequilibrium in global energy markets is a signal that the post-COVID-19 new energy normal would be characterized by a more uncertain future. To a certain extent, COVID-19 Pandemic has and will reshape of our energy future

Akin Iwayemi got Ph.D. degree in Economics, from the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA, in 1975. He was a Professor of Economics at the Department of Economics, University of Ibadan until he retired in 2011. Akin Iwayemi is currently associated with and serves as Principal Investigator at the Centre for Petroleum Energy Economics and Law (CPEEL), at the University of Ibadan, an institution he helped to establish with the financial support of Macarthur Foundation. He is widely published in international and national journals, monographs and books. Furthermore, he was the inaugural President of the Nigerian Association for Energy Economics, an affiliate of the International Association for Energy Economics, between 2007 and 2011. Professor Iwayemi was a former Council member of the International Association for Energy Economics. He is a Fellow of both the Nigerian Economic Society and the Nigerian Association for Energy Economics.

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Universal energy access: critical thoughts on the development of on-grid solutions and mini-grids in Africa

  • Raul Bajo

May 4, 2020

Back in 2000, around 1.7 billion people lived without electricity; about one third of them were located in Sub-Saharan Africa. Spurred by the Sustainable Development Goal #7 (which aims at ensuring universal access to electricity by 2030) governments deployed billions of dollars to expand grid coverage. However, as of 2018, around 602 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa still lack an electricity connection in their homes, and more than 700 million people there are projected to require it by 2040. Why does this happen? How can we close this gap between the supply of electric infrastructure and the demand for electricity connections? What are the most effective policies that increase the number of "electrified" households? Join me in this talk, in which I share with you some recent research that addresses these questions with a focus on Africa.

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Oil prices in negative territory? In power markets frequent negative prices could become the norm

  • Cristian Stet

April 24, 2020

This podcast draws a parallel between the recent negative prices in the oil and power markets. Additionally, the podcast shows that while negative oil prices are rare events, in power markets, without policy changes or technology developments, those negative prices could become more frequent.

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The European integration of the energy spot markets

  • Clara Balardy

April 20, 2020

This podcast explains the mechanism of the power spot markets in Europe, particularly the day-ahead and the intraday markets. It also describes how those markets are interconnected thanks to the multi-regional market coupling initiative. Today, 95% of EU consumption is coupled.

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Emergency: The Citizen's Guide to Climate Success

  • Mark Jaccard

April 16, 2020

In this talk, Mark Jaccard speaks on how climate-concerned citizens can overcome myths that hinder us from acting in time to prevent extreme climate impacts. Their actions can involve personal consumption choices (electric vehicles, heat pumps) but these only have an effect if citizens are also engaged in the political process and civil society to elect and support climate-sincere politicians. These personal and collective efforts must align with and foster a global strategy of decarbonization, especially in developing countries. Listen to find out what is required on a simple path to climate success and what you can contribute.

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COVID19 is changing the emission trajectories in China and at global level.

  • Lin Zhang

April 4, 2020

The outbreak of coronavirus and its associated quarantine policy have lowered China's carbon emissions by over 184 million tons per month. Such reduction is expected to persist in the long run through structural change of energy mix and the digitalization of its economy. We shall work together and turn the current health crisis into an opportunity for mitigating climate change.

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Energy security at the worldwide level

  • Carlo Andrea Bollino

February 17, 2020

This work emphasizes the importance of extending the notion of energy security, beyond the mere physical supply concerns to include market considerations, in a new world of increasing connectivity of regional fuel markets and rapid deployment of renewables.

In the market framework, these developments call for an energy security assessment framework that will capture the trade-offs between the supply security and price affordability components, associated risks and potential vulnerabilities, as well as the specifics of individual economies.

We use the concept of efficient portfolio frontiers, characterized by a return and a variance of the portfolio composition. The return is constructed for oil import growth and the variance is measured across the oil import portfolio for major oil importers.

Alike, the return is constructed for oil export growth and the variance is measured across the oil export portfolio for major oil exporters.

The idea is to assess and compare the energy security status and priorities of individual economies and to provide a risk and policy simulation tool.

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Assessing US and Global Energy Security, Today and In the Transition

  • Mark Finley

January 24, 2020

We are undergoing a historic energy transition. This includes a surge in shale production in the United States, growing reliance on natural gas, and a dramatic increase in the use of renewables. What does security mean in this brave new world of energy? And what framework should we use to assess national and global vulnerabilities? Long-time IAEE member Mark Finley discusses these topics with Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy.

This material may be quoted or reproduced without prior permission, provided appropriate credit is given to the author and Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy.

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The Challenges of Energy Transition

  • Boyko Nitzov

December 12, 2019

The podcast offers remarks on some key features and challenges which may define the future of energy on a global scale. Energy is seen as a factor of production that contributes to growth and successfully substitutes for labor and land, but is expected to undergo a profound transformation. Is it realistic to expect that such a transformation is possible on a scale of unprecedented magnitude and at a neck-breaking pace, both never experienced before, and then at a reasonable cost? Are there going to be leaders and laggards, thus creating fragmentation between markets and regions in the world? The podcast does not strive to provide answers to all questions, but invites further discourse on the topic - hopefully to help find more answers.

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Economics aspects of Energy Systems Integration

  • Tooraj Jamasb

October 28, 2019

The concept of Energy Systems Integration (ESI) as a strategy to achieve future sustainable energy sectors is increasingly attracting attention. There remain technological challenges and solutions to be found. However, less attention has been given to the economic, regulatory, research and development, and policy frameworks that will be needed for efficient operation of the integrated systems. This podcast sheds light on some of these challenges that need to be addressed along the technical solutions.

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Carbon Pricing

  • Govinda R. Timilsina

October 18, 2019

The author of this podcast is Dr. Govinda Timilsina. Dr. Timilsina is a Senior Economist, Research Department, World Bank, Washington, DC. He has been working in the field of energy economics and climate policy over the last 25 years. In this podcast, Dr. Timilsina discusses various issues related to carbon pricing instruments investigated in the academic literature. He also briefly introduces carbon pricing schemes implemented in practice around the world.

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What Next for European Energy Policy? Suggestions for the New Commission

  • Michael Pollitt

October 1, 2019

The incoming European Commission runs from 2019 to 2024 and will lead in the setting of European energy policy. Drawing on a white paper co-authored with colleagues from the Centre on Regulation in Europe (CERRE) in Brussels I outline suggestions for focus areas of work in energy policy for the new Commission. I begin by reviewing progress to date with the European single electricity and gas markets and with the EU's 2020 energy and climate targets. Then I outline our policy suggestions in the areas of markets, networks and institutions.

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European Coal Phase-out and Resulting Effects on Affected Regions and the Global Coal Market

  • Pao-Yu Oei

September 19, 2019

This podcast describes the ongoing trend of coal phase-out within OECD countries and in particular Europe. The replacement of coal by renewables hereby faces several challenges beyond energy security issues such as employment or identification with coal as former backbone of many economies. The recent decisions by the German 'coal commission', however, prove that compromises between all stakeholders are possible. It is therefore important to identify and address every region´s individual challenges to manage this upcoming transition in a just and timely manner to meet international agreed-on climate targets.

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Variable Energy Resources and the Electricity System: issues and challenges

  • Anna Creti

September 15, 2019

The podcast hughlights the challenges that variable energy resources pose when they are integrated into distribution and transmission networks, as well as in day-ahead markets. The specificies of integration costs and market effects are explained, together with issues arising in the path toward electricity market decarbonization.

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Electric vehicles: solution or new problem?

  • Amela Ajanovic

February 1, 2019

Electric vehicles are considered an important means in coping with increasing environmental problems in the transport sector. Many governments worldwide have set targets to increase the number of electric vehicles, although their environmental benignity is not ensured in the scope of the policies implemented. In this podcast, the overall environmental impact of electric vehicles is discussed based on a life cycle assessment of electric vehicles. To make electric vehicles more environmental friendly it is essential to increase the use of renewable energy sources in electricity generation.

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Shining a Light on Solar Energy.

  • Peter Schwarz

December 3, 2018

The effects of solar energy on the cost of producing electricity are complex, running the gamut from fear about a utility death spiral as customers abandon the utility in favor of solar, leaving non-solar customers and the utility with stranded capital costs, to a blessing that lowers cost by providing an inexhaustible and low-cost energy source and a savior in slowing the emission of greenhouse gases. In turn, there is the enigma of how to compensate consumers who are now "prosumers." The widespread approach of net metering, where the customer meter runs backwards for every unit of solar electricity produced and sold to the utility, has the virtue of simplicity, but the liability that it does not reflect the value of solar. Utilities are in the early stages of evaluating alternative rates that may include time-dependent components, capacity charges, and higher fixed charges.

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Local Energy, Global Markets: A Global Vision is Needed to Make Energy More Accessible

  • Pierre-Olivier Pineau

August 8, 2018

From oil wells to the best wind power plant sites, energy production is eminently local. Some locations are just better suited than others to produce energy. Energy needs, however, follow human activities and are global. Most markets are now global, information is travelling at the speed of light, but energy does not always follow

In this podcast, I present different forms of local energy challenges and discuss global energy market solutions. In a third part, I illustrate the gains from a global approach in the North American North East electricity markets - where ambitious decarbonization goals are set, but where only local planning, so far, is taking place.

These issues, and many more, will be treated in much more depth at the 2019 International IAEE conference in Montreal, May 29 to June 1, 2019. I hope to see you there! Start by visiting our conference website: http://iaee2019.org/

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Some reflections on oil and the stock markets.

  • David Broadstock

June 7, 2018

David presents some reflections on the topic of oil prices, in particular oil price shocks, and the impacts they have to company stock prices. Once certain philosophies and modeling characteristics are permitted, especially the idea that the relationship between oil prices and stock market outcomes may vary continuously through time, it is possible to obtain new insights. Of particular interest, is the underlying conclusion that stock prices embed oil price related risk somewhere between 10-20% of the time on average, and therefore that the impact of oil prices and oil price shocks to stock market outcomes is more sporadic or intermittent than may have been implied by much previous work in this area.

Research for this report was done with George Filis.

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The 2013-2014 Oil and Gas Reform in Mexico: What has been done so far?

  • Alejandra Elizondo Cordero

In 2013, the Mexican Constitution was amended to foster competition in the energy sector. The private sector was allowed to get involved in energy production, distribution and commercialization. Changes in all energy markets are underway. Even if is still soon to measure the Mexican Oil and Gas Reform success, the current prospects are encouraging.

In the oil and gas upstream sector we witnessed the first round of tendering processes. Thirty-nine new companies have been awarded contracts, both onshore and offshore. Nevertheless, the main impact in the short term is in the market of geological information.

In the oil and gas downstream sector, the economic regulator was strengthened in order to deal with natural monopolies. Mexico is set to achieve energy security, with quality standards and at competitive prices. For example, the gasoline market, with prices previously managed by the government is moving towards liberalization gradually by defining ceiling prices and regionalizing them. Gasoline stations, for example, have been given the freedom to compete. By 2018, gasoline prices are going to be set by the market.

Finally, in the oil and gas midstream sector, transport costs are still above efficient levels, and a high potential for pipeline development is guiding investment plans, both for natural gas and all liquid fuels. Vertical integration in natural gas has been dismantled, promoting new entrants to the shipping industry and investments in transportation infrastructure in strategic of socially beneficial pipeline and storage projects. New rules that guarantee open access to transportation for all oil and gas products have been put in place, but are still to be enforced.

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Why is a Cap and Trade System Performing so Well?

  • Georg Erdmann

I would like to use this opportunity to discuss the different consequences of CO2 taxes and CO2 cap and trade. Many people claim that the European emission trade system is a failure, due to CO2 prices below 10 Euro/t CO2. But the cap and trade system seems to achieve the goal for whit it is designed, namely to reduce European greenhouse gas emissions by 20 percent until 2020 and by 40 percent until 2030, compared to 1990. A deeper analysis shows that low CO2 prices are equivalent with achieving the emission target while only the failure of this target would correspond to high CO2 prices. So environmental politicians an choose between high revenues from CO2 tax or the successful achievcement of ambitious reduction targets. Both together is infeasible. It was in Buenos Aires where I proposed this concept already at an IAEE plenary, but in the mean time the data are more convincing in confirming this conclusion.

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Energy use and emissions in transport: Are reductions possible?

  • Gunnar Eskeland

Globally, transport is about a quarter of energy use, and a higher share of fossil fuel use. Here, I use transport as a window to what we have learned lately on reducing emissions of greenhouse gas emissions. One theme is speed, size and slenderness: apart from new technologies and energy carriers, vehicles and vessels that are larger, fuller, glide slowly and more smoothly save on energy and emissions. Another theme is flexible policy instruments, such as emission taxes, which leave challenges and flexibility to households and firms. We illustrate with maritime shipping for cargo and with cars for people. Transport will respond with emission reductions in many ways - it is way too pessimistic to think we must reduce transport to reduce emissions.

Research for this report was done with Lisa Assmann, H. E. Lindstad and Shiyu Yan.

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The 41st IAEE International Conference

  • Machiel Mulder

Machiel Mulder will talk about the theme of the 41st IAEE International Conference. This theme is Transforming Energy Markets. Machiel is president of the Benelux Association for Energy Economics (BAEE). The BAEE will be the host of this conference, which will be held in Groningen, the Netherlands from 10-13 June 1018. In his talk, Machiel concludes that the current European market of green certificates does not stimulate investments in renewable energy. The system needs to be redesigned to let it have a real mpact on investments.

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Natural Gas Pricing

  • Ron Ripple

Professor Ripple discusses the growth of natural gas in a global context, and he questions the relevance of the repeated comparisons between potential natural gas pricing mechanisms and that for crude oil. He sees this as a faulty comparison and suggests that there may be closer linkage of natural gas prices around the globe than observed for crude oil.

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